Classification of Cars – Automobile Gyaan

Classification of cars is based on length of the car and the shape of the body defines the type. This autogyaan will help you to compare and identify similar cars and helps identify other similar vehicles for you to compare against, to help make the car-buying process much easier.

Classification of cars based on shape

Classification of Cars - Hatchback

Hatchback Small car in two-box design. Separate engine and passenger compartment with an integrated cargo space which is accessible through an additional door at the rear.



Classification of Cars - Sedan


Sedan/Saloon – Three-box design. Separate engine, passenger and an extended cargo space



Classification of Cars - SUV



SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle is a rugged automotive vehicle with a combined passenger and luggage compartment. Have large tyres, high ground clearance and off-roading capabilities with 4 wheel drive option.


Classification of Cars - Station Wagon



Estate/Station Wagon – Similar to a hatchback with a two-box design but offer more luggage space. The roof line continues to extend past the rear doors


Classification of cars - VAN


Van – One box design. Engine, passenger & luggage area all in one box.



Classification of cars in India according to SIAM

Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) classifies cars according to body style, length and engine size.

GROUPSegmentLength (mm)Engine Displacement (Litre)
(Includes Cars like Hatchbacks, Sedans, Estates, Notchbacks, Coupes & Roadsters)
Micro<3200Upto 0.8
Mini<3600Upto 1.0
Compact3600 to 4000Upto 1.4
Super Compact4000 to 4250Upto 1.6
Mid Size4250 to 4500Upto 1.6
Executive4500 to 4700Upto 2
Premium4700 to 5000Upto 3
Luxury> 5000Upto 5
Coupe/ RoadsterN.AN.A
GROUPSegmentLength (mm)Price
(Includes Utility Vehicles, Multi Utility Vehicles and Sports Utility Vehicles
UV 1<4400,up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 24400-4700up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 3>4700up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 4>4700Between Rs. 15 to 25 lakhs
UV 5>4700Above Rs. 25 lakhs
(Includes Vans – Hard Tops & Soft Tops)
V1Hard Top VansUpto 10 Lakhs
V2Soft Top VansUpto 10 Lakhs



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